Health officials are asking people to take precautions over reports that “crypto,” a fecal parasite that may be transmitted through swimming pools, is on the rise.
The parasite’s full name is cryptosporidium. It causes cryptosporidiosis, which might leave healthy adults affected by “profuse, watery diarrhea” for so long as three weeks. The results may be worse for kids, pregnant women, and people with compromised immune systems.
“The number of treated recreational water-associated outbreaks brought on by cryptosporidium drives the summer seasonal peak in each waterborne cryptosporidiosis outbreaks and cryptosporidiosis outbreaks general,” in response to an announcement from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Although it is virtually never fatal, one death has been reported since 2009, based on the CDC. Another 287 individuals had been hospitalized between 2009 and 2017, the CDC says.
The CDC provides two caveats to the figures, which it suspects underestimate the variety of precise circumstances and outbreaks: The spike in incidents could also be the results of new testing technology, and the necessities and skill to detect, investigate and report conditions differ throughout jurisdictions.
It is also price noting the one death from cryptosporidiosis got here within the sole instance through which the parasite was transmitted in a hospital setting.
In swimming pools, cryptosporidium can enter the body when a swimmer swallows contaminated water.
The parasite is an issue in swimming pools as a result of a contaminated swimmer can excrete the parasite at several orders of degree higher than the quantity essential to cause an infection.
Cryptosporidium has a high tolerance towards chlorine and might survive in a correctly chlorinated pool for as much as seven days, the CDC says.
There are preventative measures that may assist stem the variety of outbreaks, and the CDC is working to educate the public on them.